© FAO/ Sub-regional office for North Africa
Food and agriculture organization, Sub-regional office for North Africa
The CS in a nutshell:
Considering the relevance of small scale dairy sector in Tunisia, national programmes have highlighted the importance of promoting support to Producers Organizations (POs) to improve milk productivity and livelihoods of small farmers, who are often marginalized. A national programme of public private partnership was elaborated accordingly, but could not be implemented. Upon the ministry of agriculture request, in 2010, FAO supported the implementation of a new Tunisian livestock strategy based on the public private partnership approach.
The project was based on a participatory approach at all levels, aiming at transferring extension and milk control activities from a national institution to three already existing POs, selected based on their potential capacities to conduct this programme.
POs would be paid by the national institution for the service provided. A “programme-contract” defining the activities to be conducted under this programme and their modalities (responsibilities, payments, deadlines, conditions) was signed between the producers’ organization and the Ministry of Agriculture, Water Resources and Fisheries.
About the area:
The cooperatives take their seats in the three governorates in the Center Est of Tunisia. Precisely: the cooperative” Zitouna” is based on Monastir Governorate, in the delegation of Beni Hassen, the cooperative “Ennejma” is based in Mahdia Governorate, delegation of El Jemm, the cooperative “Al Izdihar” in Sfax Governorate is located in the delegation of Hzag. They have clear boundaries corresponding to an administrative level. Innovators and partners are based at national level, act at the local level, but the beneficiaries are to be found at the provincial level. These provincial areas are marginalized, being characterized by recurrent drought, small size farms (less than 2 to 3 cows) with difficult access to markets and available government technical support and subsidies. The area suffers as well from limited employment opportunities and an increasing vulnerability rate.
Location of Cooperatives Ennejma (El Jem), Al Izdihar (Hazeg) and Zitouna (Beni Hassen). ©: mapbox.com & Google Earth Pro.
Coopérative Ennejma (El Jem, Mahdia), ©FAO/Bureau sous régional pour l’Afrique du Nord
News and events:
28th of June 2018 – Focus group with local stakeholders